noun, plural hi·dal·gos [hi-dal-gohz; Spanish ee-th ahl-gaws] /hɪˈdæl goʊz; Spanish iˈðɑl gɔs/.
- a man of the lower nobility in Spain.
- (in Spanish America) a man who owns considerable property or is otherwise esteemed.
- Juan [hwahn] /ʰwɑn/, c1600–85, Spanish composer and harpist.
- a state in central Mexico. 8057 sq. mi. (20,870 sq. km). Capital: Pachuca.
noun plural -gos (-ɡəʊz, Spanish -ɣos)
- a member of the lower nobility in Spain
- a state of central Mexico: consists of a high plateau, with the Sierra Madre Oriental in the north and east; ancient remains of Teltec culture (at Tula); rich mineral resources. Capital: Pachuca. Pop: 2 231 392 (2000). Area: 20 987 sq km (8103 sq miles)
“Spanish nobleman of secondary rank,” 1590s, from Spanish hidalgo, from Old Spanish fidalgo, shortened from filho de algo “son (Latin filus) of someone (Latin aliquis),” perhaps an imitation of Arabic ibn-nas “son of people,” a complimentary title. For alteration of f- and h- in Spanish, see hacienda.