1. a person who rules or has authority in sacred matters; high priest.
  2. a person having high position or considerable authority.
  3. one of a body of officials or minor priests in certain ancient Greek temples.


    1. a person in a position of high priestly authority
    2. a person holding high rank in a religious hierarchy
  1. a person at a high level in a hierarchy

1640s, from hierarch + -al (1).


1570s, from Medieval Latin hierarcha, from Greek hierarkhes “leader of sacred rites, high priest” (see hierarchy).

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