human [hyoo-muh n or, often, yoo‐] Word Origin adjective
- of, pertaining to, characteristic of, or having the nature of people: human frailty.
- consisting of people: the human race.
- of or relating to the social aspect of people: human affairs.
- sympathetic; humane: a warmly human understanding.
- a human being.
Origin of human 1350–1400; earlier humain(e), humayn(e), Middle English Middle French humain Latin hūmānus, akin to homō human being (cf. Homo); spelling human predominant from early 18th cent.Related formshu·man·like, adjectivehu·man·ness, nounhalf-hu·man, adjectivein·ter·hu·man, adjectiveo·ver·hu·man, adjectivepseu·do·hu·man, adjectivequa·si-hu·man, adjectivequa·si-hu·man·ly, adverbtrans·hu·man, adjectiveul·tra·hu·man, adjectiveun·hu·man, adjectiveun·hu·man·ly, adverbun·hu·man·ness, nounCan be confusedhuman humane (see synonym study at the current entry)Synonym study 1. Human, humane may refer to that which is, or should be, characteristic of human beings. In thus describing characteristics, human may refer to good and bad traits of a person alike ( human kindness; human weakness ). When emphasis is placed upon the latter, human is thought of as contrasted to divine: To err is human, to forgive divine. He was only human. Humane (the original spelling of human, and since 1700 restricted in meaning) takes into account only the nobler or gentler aspects of people and is often contrasted to their more ignoble or brutish aspect. A humane person is benevolent in treating fellow humans or helpless animals; the word once had also connotations of courtesy and refinement (hence, the application of humane to those branches of learning intended to refine the mind).Pronunciation note Pronunciations of words like human, huge, etc., with the initial [h] /h/ deleted: [yoo-muh n] /ˈyu mən/, [yooj] /yudʒ/, while sometimes criticized, are heard from speakers at all social and educational levels, including professors, lawyers, and other public speakers. transhumanism [trans-hyoo-muh-niz-uh m or, often, ‐yoo‐, tranz‐] noun
- a philosophy that explores human transcendence above or beyond organic, corporeal limitations through technological and philosophical evolution.
- of, characterizing, or relating to man and mankindhuman nature
- consisting of peoplethe human race; a human chain
- having the attributes of man as opposed to animals, divine beings, or machineshuman failings
- kind or considerate
- a human being; person
Related formsRelated prefix: anthropo-Derived Formshuman-like, adjectivehumanness, nounWord Origin for human C14: from Latin hūmānus; related to Latin homō man Word Origin and History for transhuman human adj.
mid-15c., humain, humaigne, from Old French humain, umain (adj.) “of or belonging to man” (12c.), from Latin humanus “of man, human,” also “humane, philanthropic, kind, gentle, polite; learned, refined, civilized,” probably related to homo (genitive hominis) “man” (see homunculus) and to humus “earth,” on notion of “earthly beings,” as opposed to the gods (cf. Hebrew adam “man,” from adamah “ground”). Cognate with Old Lithuanian zmuo (accusative zmuni) “man, male person.”
As a noun, from 1530s. Its Old English cognate guma (from Proto-Germanic *guman-) survives only in disguise in bridegroom. Related: Humanness. Human rights attested by 1680s; human being by 1690s. Human relations is from 1916; human resources attested by 1907, American English, apparently originally among social Christians and drawn from natural resources.
transhuman in Science human [hyōō′mən]
- A member of the species Homo sapiens; a human being.
- A member of any of the extinct species of the genus Homo, such as Homo erectus or Homo habilis, that are considered ancestral or closely related to modern humans.
Idioms and Phrases with transhuman human
see milk of human kindness.