- not influenced or controlled by others in matters of opinion, conduct, etc.; thinking or acting for oneself: an independent thinker.
- not subject to another’s authority or jurisdiction; autonomous; free: an independent businessman.
- not influenced by the thought or action of others: independent research.
- not dependent; not depending or contingent upon something else for existence, operation, etc.
- not relying on another or others for aid or support.
- rejecting others’ aid or support; refusing to be under obligation to others.
- possessing a competency: to be financially independent.
- sufficient to support a person without his having to work: an independent income.
- executed or originating outside a given unit, agency, business, etc.; external: an independent inquiry.
- working for oneself or for a small, privately owned business.
- expressive of a spirit of independence; self-confident; unconstrained: a free and independent citizen.
- free from party commitments in voting: the independent voter.
- Mathematics. (of a quantity or function) not depending upon another for its value.
- Grammar. capable of standing syntactically as a complete sentence: an independent clause.Compare dependent(def 4), main1(def 4).
- (of a set of propositions) having no one proposition deducible from the others.
- (of a proposition) belonging to such a set.
- Statistics. statistically independent.
- (initial capital letter) Ecclesiastical. of or relating to the Independents.
- an independent person or thing.
- a small, privately owned business: The conglomerates are buying up the independents.
- Politics. a person who votes for candidates, measures, etc., in accordance with his or her own judgment and without regard to the endorsement of, or the positions taken by, any party.
- (initial capital letter) Ecclesiastical. an adherent of Independency.
- British. a Congregationalist.
- independent of, irrespective of; regardless of: Independent of monetary considerations, it was a promising position.
- free from control in action, judgment, etc; autonomous
- not dependent on anything else for function, validity, etc; separatetwo independent units make up this sofa
- not reliant on the support, esp financial support, of others
- capable of acting for oneself or on one’s owna very independent little girl
- providing a large unearned sum towards one’s support (esp in the phrases independent income, independent means)
- living on an unearned income
- maths (of a system of equations) not linearly dependentSee also independent variable
- (of two or more variables) distributed so that the value taken by one variable will have no effect on that taken by another or others
- (of two or more events) such that the probability of all occurring equals the product of their individual probabilitiesCompare statistical dependence
- logic (of a set of propositions)
- not validly derivable from one another, so that if the propositions are the axioms of some theory none can be dispensed with
- not logically related, so that in no case can the truth value of one be inferred from those of the others
- an independent person or thing
- a person who is not affiliated to or who acts independently of a political party
- (in England) a member of the Congregational Church
- of or relating to Independency
1610s, from in- (1) “not, opposite of” + dependent. French independant is attested from c.1600; Italian independente from 1590s. Noun meaning “person not acting as part of a political party” is from 1808. Related: Independently.