1. not animate; lifeless.
  2. spiritless; sluggish; dull.
  3. Linguistics. belonging to a syntactic category or having a semantic feature that is characteristic of words denoting objects, concepts, and beings regarded as lacking perception and volition (opposed to animate).


  1. lacking the qualities or features of living beings; not animateinanimate objects
  2. lacking any sign of life or consciousness; appearing dead
  3. lacking vitality; spiritless; dull

early 15c., from Late Latin inanimatus “lifeless,” from in- “not” (see in- (1)) + animatus (see animation). The same word in 17c. also was a verb meaning “to infuse with life,” from the other in- (see in- (2)).


  1. Not having the qualities associated with active, living organisms; not animate.

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