1. not fertile; unproductive; sterile; barren: infertile soil.


  1. not capable of producing offspring; sterile
  2. (of land) not productive; barren

c.1600, from Late Latin infertilitatem (nominative infertilitas), from infertilis (see infertile).


1590s, from French infertile (late 15c.), from Late Latin infertilis “unfruitful,” from in- “not, opposite of” (see in- (1)) + fertilis (see fertile).


  1. Absent or diminished fertility.
  2. The persistent inability to achieve conception and produce an offspring.


  1. Not capable of initiating, sustaining, or supporting reproduction.

  1. The inability to achieve conception after persistent attempts over a given period of time, usually one year in humans.

  1. Not capable of reproducing.
  2. Not capable of developing into a complete organism, as infertile eggs.
  3. Relating to soil or land that is not capable of supporting or is unfavorable to the growth of plants.

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