inflation


noun

  1. Economics. a persistent, substantial rise in the general level of prices related to an increase in the volume of money and resulting in the loss of value of currency (opposed to deflation).
  2. the act of inflating.
  3. the state of being inflated.

noun

  1. the act of inflating or state of being inflated
  2. economics a progressive increase in the general level of prices brought about by an expansion in demand or the money supply (demand-pull inflation) or by autonomous increases in costs (cost-push inflation)Compare deflation
  3. informal the rate of increase of prices
n.

mid-14c., “swelling caused by gathering of ‘wind’ in the body; flatulence;” figuratively, “outbursts of pride,” from Latin inflationem (nominative inflatio) “a puffing up; flatulence,” noun of action from past participle stem of inflare “blow into, puff up,” from in- “into” (see in- (2)) + flare “to blow” (see blow (v.1)). Monetary sense of “enlargement of prices” (originally by an increase in the amount of money in circulation) first recorded 1838 in American English.

n.

  1. Distention with a fluid or gas.
  2. The act of distending an organ or body part with a fluid or gas.

A general increase in prices.

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