japanning


japanning

noun

  1. any of various hard, durable, black varnishes, originally from Japan, for coating wood, metal, or other surfaces.
  2. work varnished and figured in the Japanese manner.
  3. Japans, a variety of decorative motifs or patterns derived from Asian sources, used on English porcelain of the 18th and 19th centuries.

adjective

  1. of or relating to japan.

verb (used with object), ja·panned, ja·pan·ning.

  1. to varnish with japan; lacquer.
  2. to coat with any material that gives a hard, black gloss.

noun

  1. a glossy durable black lacquer originally from the Orient, used on wood, metal, etc
  2. work decorated and varnished in the Japanese manner
  3. a liquid used as a paint drier

adjective

  1. relating to or varnished with japan

verb -pans, -panning or -panned

  1. (tr) to lacquer with japan or any similar varnish

noun

  1. an archipelago and empire in E Asia, extending for 3200 km (2000 miles) between the Sea of Japan and the Pacific and consisting of the main islands of Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu and over 3000 smaller islands: feudalism abolished in 1871, followed by industrialization and expansion of territories, esp during World Wars I and II, when most of SE Asia came under Japanese control; dogma of the emperor’s divinity abolished in 1946 under a new democratic constitution; rapid economic growth has made Japan the most industrialized nation in the Far East. Official language: Japanese. Religion: Shintoist majority, large Buddhist minority. Currency: yen. Capital: Tokyo. Pop: 127 253 075 (2013 est). Area: 369 660 sq km (142 726 sq miles)Japanese names: Nippon, Nihon

1570s, via Portuguese Japao, Dutch Japan, acquired in Malacca from Malay Japang, from Chinese jih pun “sunrise” (equivalent of Japanese Nippon), from jih “sun” + pun “origin.” Earliest form in Europe was Marco Polo’s Chipangu. Cultural contact led to japaning “coat with lacquer or varnish” (1680s), japonaiserie (1896, from French), etc.

Island nation in the northwest Pacific Ocean off the coast of east Asia, separated by the Sea of Japan from Russian Siberia, China, and Korea. The Japanese archipelago includes four major islands (Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, and Shikoku) as well as many smaller islands. Its capital and largest city is Tokyo.

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