- the chromosomes of a cell, usually displayed as a systematized arrangement of chromosome pairs in descending order of size.
- the appearance of the chromosomes in a somatic cell of an individual or species, with reference to their number, size, shape, etc
- to determine the karyotype of (a cell)
- The characterization of the chromosomal complement of an individual or a species, including number, form, and size of the chromosomes.
- A photomicrograph of chromosomes arranged according to a standard classification.
- To classify and array the chromosome complement of an organism or a species according to the arrangement, number, size, shape, or other characteristics of the chromosomes.
- An organized visual profile of the chromosomes in the nucleus of a body cell of an organism. Karyotypes are prepared using cells in the metaphase stage of cell division, when chromosomal strands have coiled together and duplicated, rendering them easily visible under a microscope after staining. Photomicrographs of the stained chromosomes are then arranged in a standard format according to size, the relative position of the centromere, and other criteria. The normal human karyotype consists of 46 chromosomes.
- To prepare the karyotype of an organism.
The complete set of chromosomes that constitutes the entire genome of a species. The human karyotype contains forty-six chromosomes, twenty-three from each parent. This set is contained in the nucleus of almost every cell in the body