- a Greek island in the Mediterranean, S of Peloponnesus: site of former ancient temple of Aphrodite. 108 sq. mi. (280 sq. km).
- a transliteration of the Modern Greek name for Cythera
- a Greek island off the SE coast of the Peloponnese: in ancient times a centre of the worship of Aphrodite. Pop: 3354 (2001). Area: about 285 sq km (110 sq miles)
- the chief town of this island, on the S coast. Pop: 297 (2001)