- Arthur,1918–2007, U.S. biochemist: Nobel Prize in Medicine 1959.
- American biochemist. He shared a 1959 Nobel Prize for work on the biological synthesis of nucleic acids.
- American biochemist who discovered DNA polymerase, the enzyme that synthesizes new DNA. For this work, he shared with Severo Ochoa the 1959 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine. In 1967 Kornberg became the first person to synthesize viral DNA.