- a sovereign monarchy in NE Arabia, on the NW coast of the Persian Gulf: formerly a British protectorate. About 8000 sq. mi. (20,720 sq. km).
- a seaport in and the capital of this monarchy.
- a state on the NW coast of the Persian Gulf: came under British protection in 1899 and gained independence in 1961; invaded by Iraq in 1990; liberated by US-led UN forces 1991 in the Gulf War: mainly desert. The economy is dependent on oil. Official language: Arabic. Official religion: Muslim. Currency: dinar. Capital: Kuwait. Pop: 2 695 316 (2013 est). Area: 24 280 sq km (9375 sq miles)
- the capital of Kuwait: a port on the Persian Gulf. Pop: 1 225 000 (2005 est)
Persian Gulf country, named for its capital city (said to have been founded in current form 1705), which is from Arabic al-kuwayt, diminutive of kut, a word used in southern Iraq and eastern Arabia for a fortress-like house surrounded by a settlement and protected by encircling water, and said to be ultimately from Persian. Related: Kuwaiti.