- official name of Kirghizia.
- a republic in central Asia: came under Russian rule in the 19th century, became a Soviet republic in 1936 and gained independence in 1991; it has deposits of minerals, oil, and gas. Official languages: Kyrgyz and Russian. Religion: nonreligious, Muslim. Currency: som. Capital: Bishkek. Pop: 5 548 042 (2013 est). Area: 198 500 sq km (76 460 sq miles)
Republic in central Asia, bordered to the northwest and north by Kazakhstan, to the east and southeast by China, to the southwest by Tajikistan, and to the west by Uzbekistan. Its capital and largest city is Frunze.