- a state in SE Australia. 309,433 sq. mi. (801,430 sq. km). Capital: Sydney.
- a state of SE Australia: originally contained over half the continent, but was reduced by the formation of other states (1825–1911); consists of a narrow coastal plain, separated from extensive inland plains by the Great Dividing Range; the most populous state; mineral resources. Capital: Sydney. Pop: 6 716 277 (2003 est). Area: 801 428 sq km (309 433 sq miles)