- the night of December 31, often celebrated with merrymaking to usher in the new year at midnight.
- the evening of Dec 31, often celebrated with partiesSee also Hogmanay
c.1300; “þer þay dronken & dalten … on nwe gerez euen.” The Julian calendar began on January 1, but the Christian Church frowned on pagan celebrations of this and chose the Feast of the Annunciation (March 25) as its New Year’s Day. The civic year in England continued to begin January 1 until late 12c., and even though legal documents then shifted to March 25, popular calendars and almanacs continued to begin on January 1. The calendar reform of 1751 restored the Julian New Year. New Year’s was the main midwinter festival in Scotland from 17c., when Protestant authorities banned Christmas, and continued so after England reverted to Christmas, hence the Scottish flavor (“Auld Lang Syne,” etc.). New Year’s gathering in public places began 1878 in London, after new bells were installed in St. Paul’s.