- Al·fred Bern·hard [ahl-fred ber-nahrd] /ˈɑl frɛd ˈbɛr nɑrd/, 1833–96, Swedish engineer, manufacturer, and philanthropist.
- Alfred Bernhard (ˈalfreːd ˈbæːrnhard). 1833–96, Swedish chemist and philanthropist, noted for his invention of dynamite (1866) and his bequest founding the Nobel prizes
1900, in reference to five prizes (in physics, chemistry, medicine, literature, and peace) established in the will of Alfred Nobel (1833-1896), Swedish chemist and engineer, inventor of dynamite. A sixth prize, in economics, was added in 1969. Related: Nobelist.