1. the act or process of assimilating, or of absorbing information, experiences, etc.: the need for quick assimilation of the facts.
  2. the state or condition of being assimilated, or of being absorbed into something.
  3. the process of adapting or adjusting to the culture of a group or nation, or the state of being so adapted: assimilation of immigrants into American life.
  4. Physiology. the conversion of absorbed food into the substance of the body.
  5. Botany. the total process of plant nutrition, including photosynthesis and the absorption of raw materials.
  6. Sociology. the merging of cultural traits from previously distinct cultural groups, not involving biological amalgamation.
  7. Phonetics. the act or process by which a sound becomes identical with or similar to a neighboring sound in one or more defining characteristics, as place of articulation, voice or voicelessness, or manner of articulation, as in [gram-pah] /ˈgræm pɑ/ for grandpa.Compare dissimilation(def 2).

n.early 15c., “act of assimilating,” from Old French assimilacion, from Latin assimilationem (nominative assimilatio) “likeness, similarity,” noun of action from past participle stem of assimilare (see assimilate). Psychological sense is from 1855. n.

  1. The incorporation of digested substances from food into the tissues of an organism.
  2. The amalgamation and modification of newly perceived information and experiences into the existing cognitive structure.

  1. The conversion of nutrients into living tissue; constructive metabolism.

The process by which a person or persons acquire the social and psychological characteristics of a group: “Waves of immigrants have been assimilated into the American culture.”

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