- Sports. being beyond or passing the limits or boundaries of a field, course, etc., marking the area within which the ball, puck, or the like is legally in play.
- beyond any established boundaries or prescribed limits; prohibited; forbidden.
- further than or beyond established limits, as of behavior or thought.
- Usually bounds. limit or boundary: the bounds of space and time; within the bounds of his estate; within the bounds of reason.
- something that limits, confines, or restrains.
- territories on or near a boundary.
- land within boundary lines.
- Mathematics. a number greater than or equal to, or less than or equal to, all the numbers in a given set.Compare greatest lower bound, least upper bound, lower bound, upper bound.
verb (used with object)
- to limit by or as if by bounds; keep within limits or confines.
- to form the boundary or limit of.
- to name or list the boundary of.
verb (used without object)
- to abut.
- out of bounds,
- beyond the official boundaries, prescribed limits, or restricted area: The ball bounced out of bounds.
- forbidden; prohibited: The park is out of bounds to students.
adjective, adverb (postpositive)
- (often foll by to) not to be entered (by); barred (to)out of bounds to civilians
- outside specified or prescribed limits
- the past tense and past participle of bind
- in bonds or chains; tied with or as if with a ropea bound prisoner
- (in combination) restricted; confinedhousebound; fogbound
- (postpositive , foll by an infinitive) destined; sure; certainit’s bound to happen
- (postpositive, often foll by by) compelled or obliged to act, behave, or think in a particular way, as by duty, circumstance, or convention
- (of a book) secured within a cover or bindingto deliver bound books See also half-bound
- (postpositive, foll by on) US resolved; determinedbound on winning
- denoting a morpheme, such as the prefix non-, that occurs only as part of another word and not as a separate word in itselfCompare free (def. 21)
- (in systemic grammar) denoting a clause that has a nonfinite predicator or that is introduced by a binder, and that occurs only together with a freestanding clauseCompare freestanding
- logic (of a variable) occurring within the scope of a quantifier that indicates the degree of generality of the open sentence in which the variable occurs: in (x) (Fx → bxy), x is bound and y is freeSee free (def. 22)
- bound up with closely or inextricably linked withhis irritability is bound up with his work
- I’ll be bound I am sure (something) is true
- to move forwards or make (one’s way) by leaps or jumps
- to bounce; spring away from an impact
- a jump upwards or forwards
- by leaps and bounds with unexpectedly rapid progessher condition improved by leaps and bounds
- a sudden pronounced sense of excitementhis heart gave a sudden bound when he saw her
- a bounce, as of a ball
- (tr) to place restrictions on; limit
- (when intr, foll by on) to form a boundary of (an area of land or sea, political or administrative region, etc)
- a number which is greater than all the members of a set of numbers (an upper bound), or less than all its members (a lower bound)See also bounded (def. 1)
- more generally, an element of an ordered set that has the same ordering relation to all the members of a given subset
- whence, an estimate of the extent of some set
- See bounds
- (postpositive, often foll by for)going or intending to go towards; on the way toa ship bound for Jamaica; homeward bound
- (in combination)northbound traffic
v.2“to leap,” 1580s, from French bondir “to rebound, resound, echo,” from Old French bondir “to leap, rebound; make a noise, beat (a drum),” 13c., ultimately “to echo back,” from Vulgar Latin *bombitire “to buzz, hum” (see bomb (n.)), perhaps on model of Old French tentir, from Vulgar Latin *tinnitire. adj.1“fastened,” mid-14c., in figurative sense of “compelled,” from bounden, past participle of bind (v.). Meaning “under obligation” is from late 15c.; the literal sense “made fast by tying” is the latest recorded (1550s). adj.2“ready to go,” c.1200, boun, from Old Norse buinn past participle of bua “to prepare,” also “to dwell, to live,” from Proto-Germanic *bowan (cf. Old High German buan “to dwell,” Old Danish both “dwelling, stall”), from PIE root *bheue- “to be, exist, dwell” (see be). Final -d is presumably through association with bound (adj.1). n.“limit,” c.1200, from Anglo-Latin bunda, from Old French bonde “limit, boundary, boundary stone” (12c., Modern French borne), variant of bodne, from Medieval Latin bodina, perhaps from Gaulish. Now chiefly in out of bounds, which originally referred to limits imposed on students at schools. v.1“to form the boundary of,” also “to set the boundaries of,” late 14c., from bound (n.). Related: Bounded; bounding. Beyond established limits, breaking the rules, unreasonable. For example, Calling the teacher a liar—that’s out of bounds. This expression alludes to the boundaries of the playing area in numerous sports and to the rules applying to them. Its figurative use dates from the 1940s. [Early 1800s] Also see within bounds. In addition to the idioms beginning with bound
Also see underbind.