- a city in N Italy, SE of Milan.
- a city in NE Ohio.
- (Italian ˈparma) a city in N Italy, in Emilia-Romagna: capital of the duchy of Parma and Piacenza from 1545 until it became part of Italy in 1860; important food industry (esp Parmesan cheese). Pop: 163 457 (2001)
- (ˈpɑːmə) a city in NE Ohio, south of Cleveland. Pop: 83 861 (2003 est)