- a disk or cylindrical part tightly fitting and moving within a cylinder, either to compress or move a fluid collected in the cylinder, as air or water, or to transform energy imparted by a fluid entering or expanding inside the cylinder, as compressed air, explosive gases, or steam, into a rectilinear motion usually transformed into rotary motion by means of a connecting rod.
- a pumplike valve used to change the pitch in a cornet or the like.
- Walter,1894–1976, U.S. composer.
- a disc or cylindrical part that slides to and fro in a hollow cylinder. In an internal-combustion engine it is forced to move by the expanding gases in the cylinder head and is attached by a pivoted connecting rod to a crankshaft or flywheel, thus converting reciprocating motion into rotation
n.1704, from French piston, from Middle French piston “large pestle,” from Old Italian pistone “a piston,” variant of pestone “a pestle,” from pestare “to pound,” from Late Latin pistare, frequentative of Latin pinsere (past participle pistus) “to pound” (see pestle). As a verb from 1930.
- A solid cylinder or disk that fits snugly into a hollow cylinder and moves back and forth under the pressure of a fluid (typically a hot gas formed by combustion, as in many engines), or moves or compresses a fluid, as in a pump or compressor.