pius


pius

noun

  1. Saint, pope a.d. 140–155?.

noun

  1. Enea Silvio de Piccolomini, 1405–64, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1458–64.

noun

  1. Francesco Nanni Todeschini Piccolomini, 1439–1503, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1503.

noun

  1. Giovanni Angelo Medici, 1499–1565, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1559–65.

noun

  1. SaintMichele Ghislieri, 1504–72, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1566–72.

noun

  1. Giovanni Angelo, or Giannangelo, Braschi, 1717–99, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1775–99.

noun

  1. Luigi Barnaba Chiaramonti, 1740–1823, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1800–23.

noun

  1. Francesco Saverio Castiglioni, 1761–1830, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1829–30.

noun

  1. Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti, 1792–1878, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1846–78.

noun

  1. SaintGiuseppe Sarto, 1835–1914, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1903–14.

noun

  1. Achille Ratti, 1857–1939, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1922–39.

noun

  1. Eugenio Pacelli, 1876–1958, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1939–58.

noun

  1. original name Giovanni Angelo de’ Medici. 1499–1565, pope (1559–65). He reconvened the Council of Trent (1562), confirming its final decrees

noun

  1. original name Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti. 1792–1878, Italian ecclesiastic; pope (1846–78). He refused to recognize the incorporation of Rome and the Papal States in the kingdom of Italy, confining himself to the Vatican after 1870. He decreed the dogma of the Immaculate Conception (1854) and convened the Vatican Council, which laid down the doctrine of papal infallibility (1870)

noun

  1. Saint. original name Michele Ghislieri. 1504–72, Italian ecclesiastic; pope (1566–72). He attempted to enforce the reforms decreed by the Council of Trent, excommunicated Elizabeth I of England (1570), and organized the alliance that defeated the Turks at Lepanto (1571). Feast day: 30 April

noun

  1. original name Giovanni Angelico Braschi . 1717–99, Italian ecclesiastic; pope (1775–99). He opposed French attempts to limit papal authority and denounced (1791) the French Revolution: he died a prisoner of the French in the Revolutionary Wars

noun

  1. original name Luigi Barnaba Chiaramonti. 1740–1823, Italian ecclesiastic; pope (1800–23). He concluded a concordat with Napoleon (1801) and consecrated him as emperor of France (1804), but resisted his annexation of the Papal States (1809)

noun

  1. Saint. original name Giuseppe Sarto. 1835–1914, Italian ecclesiastic; pope (1903–14). He condemned Modernism (1907) and initiated a new codification of canon law. Feast day: Aug 21

noun

  1. original name Achille Ratti. 1857–1939, Italian ecclesiastic; pope (1922–39). He signed the Lateran Treaty (1929), by which the Vatican City was recognized as an independent state. His encyclicals condemned Nazism and Communism

noun

  1. original name Eugenio Pacelli. 1876–1958, Italian ecclesiastic; pope (1939–58): his attitude towards Nazi German anti-Semitism has been a matter of controversy

noun

  1. pen name Aeneas Silvius, original name Enea Silvio de’ Piccolomini. 1405–64, Italian ecclesiastic, humanist, poet, and historian; pope (1458–64)

masc. proper name, from Latin pius “dutiful, pious” (see pious).

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