recalcitrant


recalcitrant

adjective

  1. resisting authority or control; not obedient or compliant; refractory.
  2. hard to deal with, manage, or operate.

noun

  1. a recalcitrant person.

adjective

  1. not susceptible to control or authority; refractory

noun

  1. a recalcitrant person
adj.

1823, from French récalcitrant, literally “kicking back” (17c.-18c.), past participle of recalcitrare “to kick back; be inaccessible,” from re- “back” (see re-) + Latin calcitrare “to kick,” from calx (genitive calcis) “heel.” Used from 1797 as a French word in English.

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