- a newly enlisted or drafted member of the armed forces.
- a new member of a group, organization, or the like.
- a fresh supply of something.
verb (used with object)
- to enlist (a person) for service in one of the armed forces.
- to raise (a force) by enlistment.
- to strengthen or supply (an armed force) with new members.
- to furnish or replenish with a fresh supply; renew.
- to renew or restore (the health, strength, etc.).
- to attempt to acquire the services of (a person) for an employer: She recruits executives for all the top companies.
- to attempt to enroll or enlist (a member, affiliate, student, or the like): a campaign to recruit new club members.
- to seek to enroll (an athlete) at a school or college, often with an offer of an athletic scholarship.
verb (used without object)
- to enlist persons for service in one of the armed forces.
- to engage in finding and attracting employees, new members, students, athletes, etc.
- to recover health, strength, etc.
- to gain new supplies of anything lost or wasted.
- to enlist (men) for military service
- to raise or strengthen (an army, navy, etc) by enlistment
- (tr) to enrol or obtain (members, support, etc)
- to furnish or be furnished with a fresh supply; renew
- archaic to recover (health, strength, spirits, etc)
- a newly joined member of a military service
- any new member or supporter
“military reinforcement, one of a newly raised body of troops,” 1640s, from recruit (v)., replacing earlier recrew, recrue; or from obsolete French recrute, alteration of recreue “a supply,” recrue “a levy of troops” (late 16c.), Picardy or Hainault dialect variant of recrue “a levy, a recruit,” literally “new growth,” from Old French recreu (12c.), past participle of recreistre “grow or increase again,” from re- “again” (see re-) + creistre “to grow,” from Latin crescere “to grow” (see crescent). “The French word first appeared in literary use in gazettes published in Holland, and was disapproved of by French writers in the latter part of the 17th c.” [OED]. The French word also is the source of Dutch recruut, German Recrut, Swedish rekryt.
1630s, “to strengthen, reinforce,” from French recruter (17c.), from recrute “a levy, a recruit” (see recruit (n.)). Sense of “to enlist new soldiers” is attested from 1650s; of student athletes, from 1913. Related: Recruited; recruiting.