- a payment made periodically by a tenant to a landlord in return for the use of land, a building, an apartment, an office, or other property.
- a payment or series of payments made by a lessee to an owner in return for the use of machinery, equipment, etc.
- Economics. the excess of the produce or return yielded by a given piece of cultivated land over the cost of production; the yield from a piece of land or real estate.
- profit or return derived from any differential advantage in production.
- Obsolete. revenue or income.
verb (used with object)
- to grant the possession and enjoyment of (property, machinery, etc.) in return for the payment of rent from the tenant or lessee. (often followed by out).
- to take and hold (property, machinery, etc.) in return for the payment of rent to the landlord or owner.
verb (used without object)
- to be leased or let for rent: This apartment rents cheaply.
- to lease or let property.
- to take possession of and use property by paying rent: She rents from a friend.
- for rent, available to be rented, as a home or store: an apartment for rent.
- an opening made by rending or tearing; slit; fissure.
- a breach of relations or union between individuals or groups; schism.
- simple past tense and past participle of rend.
verb (used with object), rent, rend·ing.
- to separate into parts with force or violence: The storm rent the ship to pieces.
- to tear apart, split, or divide: racial tension that is rending the nation.
- to pull or tear violently (often followed by away, off, up, etc.).
- to tear (one’s garments or hair) in grief, rage, etc.
- to disturb (the air) sharply with loud noise.
- to harrow or distress (the heart) with painful feelings.
verb (used without object), rent, rend·ing.
- to split or tear something.
- to become torn or split.
- a payment made periodically by a tenant to a landlord or owner for the occupation or use of land, buildings, or by a user for the use of other property, such as a telephone
- that portion of the national income accruing to owners of land and real property
- the return derived from the cultivation of land in excess of production costs
- See economic rent
- for rent mainly US and Canadian available for use and occupation subject to the payment of rent
- (tr) to grant (a person) the right to use one’s property in return for periodic payments
- (tr) to occupy or use (property) in return for periodic payments
- (intr often foll by at) to be let or rented (for a specified rental)
- a slit or opening made by tearing or rending; tear
- a breach or division, as in relations
- the past tense and past participle of rend
verb rends, rending or rent
- to tear with violent force or to be torn in this way; rip
- (tr) to tear or pull (one’s clothes, etc), esp as a manifestation of rage or grief
- (tr) (of a noise or cry) to disturb (the air, silence, etc) with a shrill or piercing tone
- (tr) to pain or distress (the heart, conscience, etc)
“payment for use of property,” mid-12c., a legal sense, originally “income, revenue” (late Old English), from Old French rente “payment due; profit, income,” from Vulgar Latin *rendita, noun use of fem. past participle of rendere “to render” (see render (v.)).
“torn place,” 1530s, noun use of Middle English renten “to tear, rend” (early 14c.), variant of renden (see rend (v.)).
mid-15c., “to rent out property, grant possession and enjoyment of in exchange for a consideration paid,” from Old French renter “pay dues to,” or from rent (n.1). Related: Rented; renting. Earlier (mid-14c.) in the more general sense of “provide with revenue.” Sense of “to take and hold in exchange for rent” is from 1520s. Intransitive sense of “be leased for rent” is from 1784. Prefix rent-a- first attested 1921, mainly of businesses that rented various makes of car (Rentacar is a trademark registered in U.S. 1924); extended to other “temporary” uses since 1961.
Old English rendan, hrendan “to tear, cut down,” from West Germanic *randijanan (cf. Old Frisian renda “to cut, break,” Middle Low German rende “anything broken,” German Rinde “bark, crust”), probably related to rind. Related: Rended; rent; rending.