1. something that is contemplated, devised, or planned; plan; scheme.
  2. a large or major undertaking, especially one involving considerable money, personnel, and equipment.
  3. a specific task of investigation, especially in scholarship.
  4. Education. a supplementary, long-term educational assignment necessitating personal initiative, undertaken by an individual student or a group of students.
  5. Often projects. housing project.

verb (used with object) pro·ject [pruhjekt] /prəˈdʒɛkt/

  1. to propose, contemplate, or plan.
  2. to throw, cast, or impel forward or onward.
  3. to set forth or calculate (some future thing): They projected the building costs for the next five years.
  4. to throw or cause to fall upon a surface or into space, as a ray of light or a shadow.
  5. to cause (a figure or image) to appear, as on a background.
  6. to regard (something within the mind, as a feeling, thought, or attitude) as having some form of reality outside the mind: He projected a thrilling picture of the party’s future.
  7. to cause to jut out or protrude.
  8. Geometry.
    1. to throw forward an image of (a figure or the like) by straight lines or rays, either parallel, converging, or diverging, that pass through all its points and reproduce it on another surface or figure.
    2. to transform the points (of one figure) into those of another by a correspondence between points.
  9. to present (an idea, program, etc.) for consideration or action: They made every effort to project the notion of world peace.
  10. to use (one’s voice, gestures, etc.) forcefully enough to be perceived at a distance, as by all members of the audience in a theater.
  11. to communicate clearly and forcefully (one’s thoughts, personality, role, etc.) to an audience, as in a theatrical performance; produce a compelling image of.
  12. to cause (the voice) to appear to come from a source other than oneself, as in ventriloquism; throw.

verb (used without object) pro·ject [pruhjekt] /prəˈdʒɛkt/

  1. to extend or protrude beyond something else.
  2. to use one’s voice forcefully enough to be heard at a distance, as in a theater.
  3. to produce a clear impression of one’s thoughts, personality, role, etc., in an audience; communicate clearly and forcefully.
  4. Psychology. to ascribe one’s own feelings, thoughts, or attitudes to others.

noun (ˈprɒdʒɛkt)

  1. a proposal, scheme, or design
    1. a task requiring considerable or concerted effort, such as one by students
    2. the subject of such a task
  2. US short for housing project

verb (prəˈdʒɛkt)

  1. (tr) to propose or plan
  2. (tr) to predict; estimate; extrapolatewe can project future needs on the basis of the current birth rate
  3. (tr) to throw or cast forwards
  4. to jut or cause to jut out
  5. (tr) to send forth or transport in the imaginationto project oneself into the future
  6. (tr) to cause (an image) to appear on a surface
  7. to cause (one’s voice) to be heard clearly at a distance
  8. psychol
    1. (intr)(esp of a child) to believe that others share one’s subjective mental life
    2. to impute to others (one’s hidden desires and impulses), esp as a means of defending oneselfCompare introject
  9. (tr) geometry to draw a projection of
  10. (intr) to communicate effectively, esp to a large gathering

c.1400, “a plan, draft, scheme,” from Latin proiectum “something thrown forth,” noun use of neuter of proiectus, past participle of proicere “stretch out, throw forth,” from pro- “forward” (see pro-) + combining form of iacere (past participle iactus) “to throw” (see jet (v.)).

Meaning “scheme, proposal, mental plan” is from c.1600. Meaning “group of low-rent apartment buildings” first recorded 1935, American English, short for housing project (1932). Related: Projects. Project manager attested from 1913.


late 15c., “to plan,” from Latin proiectus, past participle of proicere (see project (n.)). Sense of “to stick out” is from 1718. Meaning “to cast an image on a screen” is recorded from 1865. Psychoanalytical sense, “attribute to another (unconsciously)” is from 1895 (implied in a use of projective). Meaning “convey to others by one’s manner” is recorded by 1955. Related: Projected; projecting.


  1. A plan or proposal; a scheme.
  2. An undertaking requiring concerted effort.


  1. To extend forward or out; jut out.
  2. To cause an image to appear on a surface.
  3. In psychology, to externalize and attribute something, such as an emotion, to someone or something else.

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