verb (used with object)
- to hang by attachment to something above: to suspend a chandelier from the ceiling.
- to attach so as to allow free movement: to suspend a door on a hinge.
- to keep from falling, sinking, forming a deposit, etc., as if by hanging: to suspend solid particles in a liquid.
- to hold or keep undetermined; refrain from forming or concluding definitely: to suspend one’s judgment.
- to defer or postpone: to suspend sentence on a convicted person.
- to cause to cease or bring to a stop or stay, usually for a time: to suspend payment.
- to cause to cease for a time from operation or effect, as a law, rule, privilege, service, or the like: to suspend ferry service.
- to debar, usually for a limited time, from the exercise of an office or function or the enjoyment of a privilege: The student was suspended from school.
- to keep in a mood or feeling of expectation or incompleteness; keep waiting in suspense: Finish the story; don’t suspend us in midair.
- Music. to prolong (a note or tone) into the next chord.
verb (used without object)
- to come to a stop, usually temporarily; cease from operation for a time.
- to stop payment; be unable to meet financial obligations.
- to hang or be suspended, as from another object: The chandelier suspends from the ceiling.
- to be suspended, as in a liquid, gas, etc.
- (tr) to hang from above so as to permit free movement
- (tr; passive) to cause to remain floating or hanginga cloud of smoke was suspended over the town
- (tr) to render inoperative or cause to cease, esp temporarilyto suspend interest payments
- (tr) to hold in abeyance; postpone action onto suspend a decision
- (tr) to debar temporarily from privilege, office, etc, as a punishment
- (tr) chem to cause (particles) to be held in suspension in a fluid
- (tr) music to continue (a note) until the next chord is sounded, with which it usually forms a dissonanceSee suspension (def. 11)
- (intr) to cease payment, as from incapacity to meet financial obligations
- (tr) obsolete to put or keep in a state of anxiety or wonder
- (intr) obsolete to be attached from above
late 13c., “to bar or exclude temporarily from some function or privilege, to cause to cease for a time,” from Old French suspendre, from Latin suspendere “to hang, stop,” from sub “up from under” (see sub-) + pendere “cause to hang, weigh” (see pendant). The literal sense of “to cause to hang by a support from above” is recorded from mid-15c. Suspenders is attested from 1810, American English. Suspended animation first recorded 1795.