- cheerfully optimistic, hopeful, or confident: a sanguine disposition; sanguine expectations.
- reddish; ruddy: a sanguine complexion.
- (in old physiology) having blood as the predominating humor and consequently being ruddy-faced, cheerful, etc.
- bloody; sanguinary.
- blood-red; red.
- Heraldry. a reddish-purple tincture.
- a red iron-oxide crayon used in making drawings.
- cheerful and confident; optimistic
- (esp of the complexion) ruddy in appearance
- an obsolete word for sanguinary (def. 2)
- Also called: red chalk a red pencil containing ferric oxide, used in drawing
n.late 15c., “consanguinity;” see sanguine + -ity. Meaning “quality of being sanguine” is from 1737. adj.“blood-red,” late 14c. (late 12c. as a surname), from Old French sanguin (fem. sanguine), from Latin sanguineus “of blood,” also “bloody, bloodthirsty,” from sanguis (genitive sanguinis) “blood” (see sanguinary). Meaning “cheerful, hopeful, confident” first attested c.1500, because these qualities were thought in medieval physiology to spring from an excess of blood as one of the four humors. Also in Middle English as a noun, “type of red cloth” (early 14c.). adj.
- Of a healthy, reddish color; ruddy.
- Cheerfully confident; optimistic.
- Having blood as the dominant humor in terms of medieval physiology.
- Having the temperament and ruddy complexion that was formerly thought to be characteristic of a person dominated by this humor; passionate.