- a timber of relatively slight width and thickness, as a stud or rafter in a house frame.
- such timbers collectively.
- the width and thickness of a timber.
- the dimensions of a building stone.
- a dressed timber or rolled metal member used as a framing member in a vessel.
- the dimension, in cross section, of a framing member.
- a small quantity or amount.
- the structural casings of the internal gas paths in an aeroengine
- a piece of sawn timber, such as a rafter, that has a small cross section
- the dimensions of a piece of building material or the structural parts of a ship, esp those in cross section
- a building stone, esp one that is more than 6 feet in length
- a small quantity or amount
adj.1520s, “measured or prescribed size,” altered from scantlon, scantiloun “dimension” (c.1400), earlier a type of mason’s tool for measuring thickness (c.1300), a shortening of Old French escantillon (Modern French échantillon “sample pattern”), of uncertain origin; perhaps ultimately from Latin scandere “to climb” (see scan (v.)). Sense influenced by scant. Meaning “small wooden beam” is 1660s. Related: Scantlings.