verb (used without object), seethed or (Obsolete) sod; seethed or (Obsolete) sod·den or sod; seeth·ing.

  1. to surge or foam as if boiling.
  2. to be in a state of agitation or excitement.
  3. Archaic. to boil.

verb (used with object), seethed or (Obsolete) sod; seethed or (Obsolete) sod·den or sod; seeth·ing.

  1. to soak or steep.
  2. to cook by boiling or simmering; boil.


  1. the act of seething.
  2. the state of being agitated or excited.


  1. (intr) to boil or to foam as if boiling
  2. (intr) to be in a state of extreme agitation, esp through anger
  3. (tr) to soak in liquid
  4. (tr) archaic to cook or extract the essence of (a food) by boiling


  1. the act or state of seething

v.Old English seoþan “to boil,” also figuratively, “be troubled in mind, brood” (class II strong verb; past tense seaþ, past participle soden), from Proto-Germanic *seuthan (cf. Old Norse sjoða, Old Frisian siatha, Dutch zieden, Old High German siodan, German sieden “to seethe”), from PIE root *seut- “to seethe, boil.” Driven out of its literal meaning by boil (v.); it survives largely in metaphoric extensions. Figurative use, of persons or populations, “to be in a state of inward agitation” is recorded from 1580s (implied in seething). It had wider figurative uses in Old English, e.g. “to try by fire, to afflict with cares.” Now conjugated as a weak verb, and past participle sodden (q.v.) is no longer felt as connected.

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