- a republic in S Europe since 2006; includes the autonomous province of Vojvodina and claims sovereignty over the autonomous province of Kosovo, which has declared itself independent; formerly part of Yugoslavia, in the N part: a former kingdom in S Europe. 34,116 sq. mi. (88,360 sq. km). Capital: Belgrade.
- a republic in SE Europe: declared a kingdom in 1882; precipitated World War I by the conflict with Austria; became part of the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (later called Yugoslavia) in 1918; with Montenegro formed the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia when the other constituent republics became independent in 1991–92; a Union of Serbia and Montenegro formed in 2003 and dissolved in 2006. The autonomous region of Kosovo (administered by the U.N. following the conflict of 1999) unilaterally declared its independence from Serbia in 2008. Mountainous in the S, with the Danube plains in the N. Religion: Serbian Orthodox majority, with Roman Catholic and Muslim minorities. Currencies: new dinar and euro (in Kosovo). Capital: Belgrade. Pop: 7 243 007 (2013). Area: 88 361 sq km (34 109 sq miles)Former name: Servia Serbian name: Srbija