- (often lowercase) Textiles.
- a heavy pongee.Compare tussah.
- a fabric imitating this, of rayon or cotton.
- a heavy silk fabric with a knobbly surface
- a cotton or rayon imitation of this
- a variant transliteration of the Chinese name for Shandong
n.type of coarse silk, 1882, from Shantung province, in China, where the fabric was made. The place name is “east of the mountain,” from shan (mountain) + dong (east). The mountain in question is Tan Shan. West of it is Shansi, from xi “west.”