- a city in and the capital of Taiwan, in the N part.
noun Wade-Giles, Pinyin.
- a Chinese island separated from the SE coast of China by Taiwan Strait: a possession of Japan 1895–1945; restored to China 1945; seat of the Republic of China since 1949. Capital: Taipei.
- People’s Republic of, a country in E Asia. 3,691,502 sq. mi. (9,560,990 sq. km). Capital: Beijing.
- Republic of. Also called Nationalist China. a republic consisting mainly of the island of Taiwan off the SE coast of mainland China: under Nationalist control since 1948 but claimed by the People’s Republic of China. 13,885 sq. mi. (35,960 sq. km). Capital: Taipei.
- the capital of Taiwan (the Republic of China), at the N tip of the island: became capital in 1885; industrial centre; two universities. Pop: 2 473 000 (2005 est)
- ceramic ware of a type originally from China
- any porcelain or similar ware
- cups, saucers, etc, collectively
- (modifier) made of chinaa china tea service
- British and Southern African informal a friend or companion
- People’s Republic of China, Communist China or Red China a republic in E Asia: the third largest and the most populous country in the world; the oldest continuing civilization (beginning over 2000 years bc); republic established in 1911 after the overthrow of the Manchu dynasty by Sun Yat-sen; People’s Republic formed in 1949; the 1980s and 1990s saw economic liberalization but a rejection of political reform; contains vast deserts, steppes, great mountain ranges (Himalayas, Kunlun, Tian Shan, and Nan Shan), a central rugged plateau, and intensively cultivated E plains. Language: Chinese in various dialects, the chief of which is Mandarin. Religion: nonreligious majority; Buddhist and Taoist minorities. Currency: yuan. Capital: Beijing. Pop: 1 349 586 000 (2013 est). Area: 9 560 990 sq km (3 691 502 sq miles)
- Republic of China, Nationalist China or Taiwan a republic (recognized as independent by only 24 nations) in E Asia occupying the island of Taiwan, 13 nearby islands, and 64 islands of the Penghu (Pescadores) group: established in 1949 by the Nationalist government of China under Chiang Kai-shek after its expulsion by the Communists from the mainland; its territory claimed by the People’s Republic of China since the political separation from the mainland; under US protection 1954–79; lost its seat at the UN to the People’s Republic of China in 1971; state of war with the People’s Republic of China formally ended in 1991, though tensions continue owing to the unresolved territorial claim. Language: Mandarin Chinese. Religion: nonreligious majority, Buddhist and Taoist minorities. Currency: New Taiwan dollar. Capital: Taipei. Pop: 22 610 000 (2003 est). Area: 35 981 sq km (13 892 sq miles)Former name: Formosa
- an island in SE Asia between the East China Sea and the South China Sea, off the SE coast of the People’s Republic of China: the principal territory of the Republic of China; claimed by the People’s Republic of China since its political separation from mainland China in the late 1940s. Pop: 23 299 716 (2013 est)Former name: Formosa
n.“porcelain imported from China,” 1570s, short for Chinaware, China dishes, etc.; from the country name (see China). n.Asian country name, 1550s, of uncertain origin, probably ultimately from Sanskrit Cina-s “the Chinese” (earliest European usage is in Italian, by Marco Polo), perhaps from Qin dynasty, which ruled 3c. B.C.E. Latinized as Sina, hence sinologist. The Chinese word for the country is Chung-kuo (Wade-Giles), Zhongguo (Pinyin). literally “terrace bay,” from Chinese tai “terrace” + wan “bay.” Capital of Taiwan and largest city in the country, located in northern Taiwan. Nation in eastern Asia, bordered by Russia and North Korea to the east; Russia and Mongolia to the north; Russia and Afghanistan to the west; and Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Burma, Laos, and Vietnam to the south. Its capital is Beijing, and its largest city is Shanghai. Island nation in the Pacific Ocean near the mainland of southern China; seat of the Republic of China. Its capital and largest city is Taipei.