terror


terror

noun

  1. intense, sharp, overmastering fear: to be frantic with terror.
  2. an instance or cause of intense fear or anxiety; quality of causing terror: to be a terror to evildoers.
  3. any period of frightful violence or bloodshed likened to the Reign of Terror in France.
  4. violence or threats of violence used for intimidation or coercion; terrorism.
  5. Informal. a person or thing that is especially annoying or unpleasant.

noun

  1. great fear, panic, or dread
  2. a person or thing that inspires great dread
  3. informal a troublesome person or thing, esp a child
  4. terrorism

n.late 14c., “great fear,” from Old French terreur (14c.), from Latin terrorem (nominative terror) “great fear, dread,” from terrere “fill with fear, frighten,” from PIE root *tre- “shake” (see terrible). Meaning “quality of causing dread” is attested from 1520s; terror bombing first recorded 1941, with reference to German air attack on Rotterdam. Sense of “a person fancied as a source of terror” (often with deliberate exaggeration, as of a naughty child) is recorded from 1883. The Reign of Terror in French history (March 1793-July 1794) so called in English from 1801. Old English words for “terror” included broga and egesa. see holy terror.

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