thwart


thwart

verb (used with object)

  1. to oppose successfully; prevent from accomplishing a purpose.
  2. to frustrate or baffle (a plan, purpose, etc.).
  3. Archaic.
    1. to cross.
    2. to extend across.

noun

  1. a seat across a boat, especially one used by a rower.
  2. a transverse member spreading the gunwales of a canoe or the like.

adjective

  1. passing or lying crosswise or across; cross; transverse.
  2. perverse; obstinate.
  3. adverse; unfavorable.

preposition, adverb

  1. across; athwart.

verb

  1. to oppose successfully or prevent; frustratethey thwarted the plan
  2. obsolete to be or move across

noun

  1. nautical a seat lying across a boat and occupied by an oarsman

adjective

  1. passing or being situated across
  2. archaic perverse or stubborn

preposition, adverb

  1. obsolete across

adv.c.1200, from Old Norse þvert “across,” originally neuter of thverr (adj.) “transverse, across,” cognate with Old English þweorh “transverse, perverse, angry, cross,” from Proto-Germanic *thwerkhaz (cf. Middle Dutch dwers, Dutch dwars “cross-grained, contrary,” Old High German twerh, German quer, Gothic þwairhs “angry”), altered (by influence of *thwer- “to turn”) from *therkh-, from PIE *twork-/*twerk- “twist” (cf. Latin torquere “to twist,” Sanskrit tarkuh “spindle,” Old Church Slavonic traku “band, girdle,” Old High German drahsil “turner,” German drechseln “to turn on a lathe”). v.“oppose, hinder,” mid-13c., from thwart (adv.). Related: Thwarted; thwarting.

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