noun, plural ti·moc·ra·cies.
- a form of government in which love of honor is the dominant motive of the rulers.
- a form of government in which a certain amount of property is requisite as a qualification for office.
noun plural -cies
- a political unit or system in which possession of property serves as the first requirement for participation in government
- a political unit or system in which love of honour is deemed the guiding principle of government
n.1580s, from Middle French tymocracie, from Medieval Latin timocratia (13c.), from Greek timokratia, from time “honor, worth” (related to tiein “to place a value on, to honor”) + -kratia “rule” (see -cracy). In Plato’s philosophy, a form of government in which ambition for power and glory motivates the rulers (as in Sparta). In Aristotle, a form of government in which political power is in direct proportion to property ownership.