- a seaport in and the capital of Japan, on Tokyo Bay: one of the world’s largest cities; destructive earthquake and fire 1923; signing of the Japanese surrender document aboard the U.S.S. Missouri, September 2, 1945.
- a constitutional monarchy on a chain of islands off the E coast of Asia: main islands, Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, and Shikoku. 141,529 sq. mi. (366,560 sq. km). Capital: Tokyo.Japanese Nihon, Nippon.
- Sea of, the part of the Pacific Ocean between Japan and mainland Asia.
- the capital of Japan, a port on SE Honshu on Tokyo Bay (an inlet of the Pacific): part of the largest conurbation in the world (the Tokyo-Yokohama metropolitan area) of over 35 million people; major industrial centre and the chief cultural centre of Japan. Pop (city proper): 8 025 538 (2002 est)
- a glossy durable black lacquer originally from the Orient, used on wood, metal, etc
- work decorated and varnished in the Japanese manner
- a liquid used as a paint drier
- relating to or varnished with japan
verb -pans, -panning or -panned
- (tr) to lacquer with japan or any similar varnish
- an archipelago and empire in E Asia, extending for 3200 km (2000 miles) between the Sea of Japan and the Pacific and consisting of the main islands of Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu and over 3000 smaller islands: feudalism abolished in 1871, followed by industrialization and expansion of territories, esp during World Wars I and II, when most of SE Asia came under Japanese control; dogma of the emperor’s divinity abolished in 1946 under a new democratic constitution; rapid economic growth has made Japan the most industrialized nation in the Far East. Official language: Japanese. Religion: Shintoist majority, large Buddhist minority. Currency: yen. Capital: Tokyo. Pop: 127 253 075 (2013 est). Area: 369 660 sq km (142 726 sq miles)Japanese names: Nippon, Nihon
so named 1868, from Japanese to “east” + kyo “capital;” its earlier name was Edo, literally “estuary.”
1570s, via Portuguese Japao, Dutch Japan, acquired in Malacca from Malay Japang, from Chinese jih pun “sunrise” (equivalent of Japanese Nippon), from jih “sun” + pun “origin.” Earliest form in Europe was Marco Polo’s Chipangu. Cultural contact led to japaning “coat with lacquer or varnish” (1680s), japonaiserie (1896, from French), etc.
Capital of Japan and largest city in the country, located on the island of Honshu at the head of Tokyo Bay; the administrative, financial, educational, and cultural center of Japan.
Island nation in the northwest Pacific Ocean off the coast of east Asia, separated by the Sea of Japan from Russian Siberia, China, and Korea. The Japanese archipelago includes four major islands (Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, and Shikoku) as well as many smaller islands. Its capital and largest city is Tokyo.