- the male of various animals, as the turkey.
- a tomcat.
verb (used without object), Tommed, Tom·ming.
- (often lowercase) to act like an Uncle Tom.
- Abigail (Smith),1744–1818, U.S. social and political figure (wife of John Adams).
- Alice,1926–1999, U.S. writer.
- Ansel,1902–84, U.S. photographer.
- Brooks,1848–1927, U.S. historian and political scientist (son of Charles Francis Adams and brother of Henry Brooks Adams).
- Charles Francis,1807–86, U.S. statesman: minister to Great Britain 1861–68 (son of John Quincy Adams).
- Franklin P(ierce)F.P.A., 1881–1960, U.S. author and columnist.
- Henry (Brooks),1838–1918, U.S. historian, writer, and teacher (son of Charles Francis Adams).
- James Trus·low [truhs-loh] /ˈtrʌs loʊ/, 1878–1949, U.S. historian.
- John,1735–1826, 2nd president of the U.S. 1797–1801: a leader in the American Revolution.
- John Michael Geoffrey Man·ning·ham [man-ing-uh m] /ˈmæn ɪŋ əm/, Tom, 1931–85, Barbadian political leader: prime minister 1976–85.
- John Quin·cy [kwin-zee, -see] /ˈkwɪn zi, -si/, 1767–1848, 6th president of the U.S. 1825–29; secretary of state 1817–25 (son of John Adams).
- Lé·o·nie Fuller [ley-oh-nee] /leɪˈoʊ ni/, 1899–1988, U.S. poet.
- MaudeMaude Kiskadden, 1872–1953, U.S. actress.
- Roger,1889–1971, U.S. chemist.
- Samuel,1722–1803, American statesman: a leader in the American Revolution.
- Samuel Hopkins,1874–1958, U.S. journalist and novelist.
- Walter Sydney,1876–1956, U.S. astronomer.
- Mount. a mountain in SW Washington, in the Cascade Range. 12,307 feet (3751 meters).
- a mountain in N New Hampshire, in the White Mountains. 5798 feet (1767 meters).
- a city in W Massachusetts.
- Thomas WadeTom, 1924–2000, U.S. football player and coach.
- Thomas EdwinTom, 1880–1940, U.S. film actor in westerns.
- (George) ThomasTomTom Terrific, born 1944, U.S. baseball pitcher.
- James Dewey,born 1928, U.S. biologist: Nobel Prize in medicine 1962.
- JohnIan Maclaren, 1850–1907, Scottish clergyman and novelist.
- John Broa·dus [braw-duh s] /ˈbrɔ dəs/, 1878–1958, U.S. psychologist.
- John Christian,1867–1941, Australian statesman, born in Chile: prime minister 1904.
- Thomas Augustus,1854–1934, U.S. electrical experimenter, associated with Alexander Graham Bell.
- Thomas John,1874–1956, U.S. industrialist.
- Thomas Stur·ges [stur-jis] /ˈstɜr dʒɪs/, Tom, born 1949, U.S. golfer.
- Sir William,1858–1935, English poet.
- a male given name.
- BillWilliam Warren, born 1943, U.S. basketball player and politician: senator from New Jersey 1979–97.
- Francis Herbert,1846–1924, English philosopher.
- Henry,1845–1923, English lexicographer and philologist.
- Omar Nelson,1893–1981, U.S. general: Chief of Staff 1948–49; chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 1949–53.
- ThomasTom, 1917–1998, U.S. politician: mayor of Los Angeles 1973–93.
- a town in NE Illinois.
- a male given name.
- Alvan,1804–87, and his son Alvan Graham, 1832–97, U.S. astronomers and telescope-lens manufacturers.
- Champ [champ] /tʃæmp/, James Beauchamp, 1850–1921, U.S. political leader: Speaker of the House 1911–19.
- (Charles) JosephJoe, born 1939, Canadian political leader: prime minister 1979–80.
- George Rogers,1752–1818, U.S. soldier.
- John Bates [beyts] /beɪts/, 1847–1938, U.S. economist and educator.
- Kenneth B(ancroft),1914–2005, U.S. psychologist and educator, born in the Panama Canal Zone.
- Sir Kenneth McKenzie, Baron Clark of Salt·wood [sawlt-woo d] /ˈsɔltˌwʊd/, 1903–83, English art historian.
- Mark Wayne,1896–1984, U.S. general.
- Thomas CampbellTom, 1899–1977, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court 1949–67.
- Walter Van Til·burg [van til-berg] /væn ˈtɪl bərg/, 1909–71, U.S. author.
- William,1770–1838, U.S. soldier and explorer (brother of George R. Clark): on expedition with Meriwether Lewis 1804–06.
- a male given name: a surname, ultimately derived from clerk.
- the male of various animals, esp the cat
- (as modifier)a tom turkey
- (in combination)a tomcat
- Australian and NZ a temporary supporting post
- a mountain in SW Washington, in the Cascade Range. Height: 3751 m (12 307 ft)
- Gerry, full name Gerrard Adams . born 1948, Northern Ireland politician; president of Sinn Féin from 1983: negotiated the Irish Republican Army ceasefires in 1994–96 and 1997; member of the parliament of the Irish Republic from 2011
- Henry (Brooks). 1838–1918, US historian and writer. His works include Mont Saint Michel et Chartres (1913) and his autobiography The Education of Henry Adams (1918)
- John. 1735–1826, second president of the US (1797–1801); US ambassador to Great Britain (1785–88); helped draft the Declaration of Independence (1776)
- John Coolidge. born 1947, US composer; works include the operas Nixon in China (1987) and The Death of Klinghoffer (1991)
- John Couch. 1819–92, British astronomer who deduced the existence and position of the planet Neptune
- John Quincey. son of John Adams. 1767–1848, sixth president of the US (1825–29); secretary of state (1817–25)
- Richard. born 1920, British author; his novels include Watership Down (1972), The Plague Dogs (1977), and Traveller (1988)
- Samuel. 1722–1803, US revolutionary leader; one of the organizers of the Boston Tea Party; a signatory of the Declaration of Independence
- A (ndrew) C (ecil). 1851–1935, English critic; author of Shakespearian Tragedy (1904)
- F (rancis) H (erbert). 1846–1924, English idealist philosopher and metaphysical thinker; author of Ethical Studies (1876), Principles of Logic (1883), and Appearance and Reality (1893)
- Henry . 1845–1923, English lexicographer; one of the editors of the Oxford English Dictionary
- James . 1693–1762, English astronomer, who discovered the aberration of light and the nutation of the earth’s axis
- Helen. born 1950, New Zealand Labour politician; prime minister (1999–2008); administrator of the United Nations Development Programme from 2009
- James, known as Jim. 1936–68, Scottish racing driver; World Champion (1963, 1965)
- Kenneth, Baron Clark of Saltwood. 1903–83, English art historian: his books include Civilization (1969), which he first presented as a television series
- William. 1770–1838, US explorer and frontiersman: best known for his expedition to the Pacific Northwest (1804–06) with Meriwether Lewis
- James Dewey. born 1928, US biologist, whose contribution to the discovery of the helical structure of DNA won him a Nobel prize for Physiology or Medicine shared with Francis Crick and Maurice Wilkins in 1962
- John B (roadus). 1878–1958, US psychologist; a leading exponent of behaviourism
- John Christian. 1867–1941, Australian statesman, born in Chile: prime minister of Australia (1904)
- Russell. born 1973, British tenor; his albums include The Voice (2001) and Encore (2002)
- Tom, full name Thomas Sturges Watson. born 1949, US golfer, won eight major titles: the US Masters (1977, 1981), the US Open (1982), and the British Open (1975, 1977, 1980, 1982, 1983)
- (tr) to combine or blend (ingredients, liquids, objects, etc) together into one mass
- (intr) to become or have the capacity to become combined, joined, etcsome chemicals do not mix
- (tr) to form (something) by combining two or more constituentsto mix cement
- (tr; often foll by in or into) to add as an additional part or element (to a mass or compound)to mix flour into a batter
- (tr) to do at the same time; combineto mix study and pleasure
- (tr) to consume (drinks or foods) in close succession
- to come or cause to come into association sociallyPauline has never mixed well
- (intr often foll by with) to go together; complement
- (tr) to crossbreed (differing strains of plants or breeds of livestock), esp more or less at random
- (tr) electronics to combine (two or more signals)
- (in sound recording) to balance and adjust (the recorded tracks) on a multitrack tape machine
- (in live performance) to balance and adjust (the output levels from microphones and pick-ups)
- (tr) to merge (two lengths of film) so that the effect is imperceptible
- mix it informal
- to cause mischief or trouble, often for a person namedshe tried to mix it for John
- to fight
- the act or an instance of mixing
- the result of mixing; mixture
- a mixture of ingredients, esp one commercially prepared for making a cake, bread, etc
- music the sound obtained by mixing
- building trades civil engineering the proportions of cement, sand, and aggregate in mortar, plaster, or concrete
- informal a state of confusion, bewilderment
familiar shortening of masc. proper name Thomas, used by late 14c. as a type of a nickname for a common man. Applied 17c. as a nickname for several exceptionally large bells. Short for Uncle Tom in the sense of “black man regarded as too servile to whites” is recorded from 1959. Tom Walker, U.S. Southern colloquial for “the devil” is recorded from 1833. Tom and Jerry is first attested 1828 in many extended senses, originally the names of the two chief characters (Corinthian Tom and Jerry Hawthorn) in Pierce Egan’s “Life in London” (1821); the U.S. cat and mouse cartoon characters debuted 1940 in “Puss Gets the Boot.” Tom Thumb (1570s) was a miniature man in popular tradition before P.T. Barnum took the name for a dwarf he exhibited.
1530s, back-formation from Middle English myxte (early 15c.) “composed of more than one element, of mixed nature,” from Anglo-French mixte, from Latin mixtus, past participle of miscere “to mix, mingle, blend; fraternize with; throw into confusion,” from PIE *meik- “to mix” (cf. Sanskrit misrah “mixed,” Greek misgein, mignynai “to mix, mix up, mingle; to join, bring together; join (battle); make acquainted with,” Old Church Slavonic mešo, mesiti “to mix,” Russian meshat, Lithuanian maišau “to mix, mingle,” Welsh mysgu). Also borrowed in Old English as miscian. Related: Mixed; mixing.
surname, from common Middle English alternative spelling of clerk (n.). In many early cases it is used of men who had taken minor orders.
1580s, “act of mixing,” from mix (v.).
- American biologist who with Francis Crick proposed a spiral model, the double helix, for the molecular structure of DNA. He shared a 1962 Nobel Prize for advances in the study of genetics.
- American astronomer who demonstrated that the essential brightness of a star could be calculated by studying its spectrum and who introduced a method for measuring the distance of stars based on their brightness. In 1915 he discovered Sirius B, the first known white dwarf star, and his measurement of the gravitational red shift in the light leaving its surface was accepted as evidence for Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity.
See Note at Rosalind Franklin.
- American biologist who, working with Francis Crick, identified the structure of DNA in 1953. By analyzing the patterns cast by x-rays striking DNA molecules, they discovered that DNA has the structure of a double helix, two spirals linked together by bases in ladderlike rungs. For this work Watson and Crick shared with Maurice Wilkins the 1962 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine.
see every tom, dick, and harry; peeping tom.