- a unit of local government, usually a subdivision of a county, found in most midwestern and northeastern states of the U.S. and in most Canadian provinces.
- (in U.S. surveys of public land) a region or district approximately 6 miles square (93.2 sq. km), containing 36 sections.
- English History.
- one of the local divisions or districts of a large parish, each containing a village or small town, usually with a church of its own.
- the manor, parish, etc., itself.
- its inhabitants.
- (in Australia)
- a small town or settlement serving as the business center of a rural area.
- the business center of a town or suburb.
- (in South Africa) a segregated residential settlement for blacks, located outside a city or town.
- a small town
- (in the Scottish Highlands and islands) a small crofting community
- (in the US and Canada) a territorial area, esp a subdivision of a county: often organized as a unit of local government
- (formerly, in South Africa) a planned urban settlement of Black Africans or Coloured peopleCompare location (def. 4)
- English history
- any of the local districts of a large parish, each division containing a village or small town
- the particular manor or parish itself as a territorial division
- the inhabitants of a township collectively
Old English tunscipe “inhabitants or population of a town.” Applied in Middle English to “manor, parish, or other division of a hundred.” Specific sense of “local division or district in a parish, each with a village or small town and its own church” is from 1530s; as a local municipal division of a county in U.S. and Canada, first recorded 1685.