verb (used with object), a·bat·ed, a·bat·ing.
- to reduce in amount, degree, intensity, etc.; lessen; diminish: to abate a tax; to abate one’s enthusiasm.
- to put an end to or suppress (a nuisance).
- to suspend or extinguish (an action).
- to annul (a writ).
- to deduct or subtract: to abate part of the cost.
- to omit: to abate all mention of names.
- to remove, as in stone carving, or hammer down, as in metalwork, (a portion of a surface) in order to produce a figure or pattern in low relief.
verb (used without object), a·bat·ed, a·bat·ing.
- to diminish in intensity, violence, amount, etc.: The storm has abated. The pain in his shoulder finally abated.
- Law. to end; become null and void.
- to make or become less in amount, intensity, degree, etcthe storm has abated
- (tr) law
- to remove, suppress, or terminate (a nuisance)
- to suspend or extinguish (a claim or action)
- to annul (a writ)
- (intr) law (of a writ, legal action, etc) to become null and void
- (tr) to subtract or deduct, as part of a price
v.“put an end to” (c.1300); “to grow less, diminish in power or influence” (early 14c.), from Old French abattre “beat down, cast down,” from Vulgar Latin *abbatere, from Latin ad “to” (see ad-) + battuere “to beat” (see batter (v.)). Secondary sense of “to fell, slaughter” is in abatis and abattoir. Related: Abated; abating.