verb (used with object), ox·i·dized, ox·i·diz·ing.
- to convert (an element) into an oxide; combine with oxygen.
- to cover with a coating of oxide or rust.
- to take away hydrogen, as by the action of oxygen; add oxygen or any nonmetal.
- to remove electrons from (an atom or molecule), thereby increasing the valence.Compare reduce(def 12).
verb (used without object), ox·i·dized, ox·i·diz·ing.
- to become oxidized.
- (especially of white wine) to lose freshness after prolonged exposure to air and often to darken in color.
- to undergo or cause to undergo a chemical reaction with oxygen, as in formation of an oxide
- to form or cause to form a layer of metal oxide, as in rusting
- to lose or cause to lose hydrogen atoms
- to undergo or cause to undergo a decrease in the number of electronsCompare reduce (def. 12c)
v.1802 (implied in oxidizable), from oxide + -ize. Related: Oxidized; oxidizing; oxidization. v.
- To combine with oxygen; change into an oxide.
- To increase the positive charge or valence of an element by removing electrons.
- To undergo or cause to undergo oxidation.