- German Wien. a port in and the capital of Austria, in the NE part, on the Danube.
- a city in NE Virginia.
- a town in W West Virginia.
- a republic in central Europe. 32,381 sq. mi. (83,865 sq. km). Capital: Vienna.
- the capital and the smallest state of Austria, in the northeast on the River Danube: seat of the Hapsburgs (1278-1918); residence of the Holy Roman Emperor (1558–1806); withstood sieges by Turks in 1529 and 1683; political and cultural centre in the 18th and 19th centuries, having associations with many composers; university (1365). Pop: 1 590 242 (2003 est). Area: 1075 sq km (415 sq miles)German name: Wien Latin name: Vindobona
- a republic in central Europe: ruled by the Hapsburgs from 1282 to 1918; formed a dual monarchy with Hungary in 1867 and became a republic in 1919; a member of the European Union; contains part of the Alps, the Danube basin in the east, and extensive forests. Official language: German. Religion: Roman Catholic majority. Currency: euro. Capital: Vienna. Pop: 8 221 646 (2013 est). Area: 83 849 sq km (32 374 sq miles)German name: Österreich
Roman Vindobona, from Celtic vindo “white” + bona “foundation, fort.” The “white” might be a reference to the river flowing through it.
European nation, from Medieval Latin Marchia austriaca “eastern borderland.” German Österreich is “eastern kingdom,” from Old High German ostar “eastern” (see east) + reich (see Reichstag). So called for being on the eastern edge of Charlemagne’s empire.
Mountainous republic in central Europe, bordered by Germany and the former Czechoslovakia to the north, Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. Its capital and largest city is Vienna.